Theme 4 (2015)

Apunte Inglés
Universidad Universidad de Barcelona (UB)
Grado Administración y Dirección de Empresas - 1º curso
Asignatura Sociology
Año del apunte 2015
Páginas 3
Fecha de subida 23/01/2015
Descargas 8
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BASIC CONCEPTS OF POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY 1. Basic Concepts of Political Sociology Political sociology     v Is  a  discipline  that  compares  different  political  systems,  both  historical  and   present,  to  explain  the  general  behavior.   v Explains  various  social  groups:   § The  structure  of  those  with  a  relationship  with  power.   § How  the  government  of  a  society  works     v Studies  social  inequalities,  trends  in  voting  and  the  role  of  propaganda.   v Funders  MAX  WEBER  and  COMTE.   Nation-State   v A  form  of  political  organization  in  which  a  group  of  people  who  share  the   same  history,  traditions,  or  language  live  in  a  particular  area  under  one   government   Ø Sovereignty:  the  territories  ruled  by  traditional  states  weren’t  defined   and  the  power  of  the  government  was  very  weak.     Ø Citizenship:  a  divine  person  ruled  the  population,  now  almost  everyone  is   a  member  of  a  national  political  order.     Ø Nationalism:  the  set  of  symbols  and  beliefs  that  provide  a  sense  of   belonging  to  a  single  political  community.         1. The  global  expansion  of  democracy       Democracy  is  the  best  because  it  has  been  prove  that  it  works  the  best  way.         Democracy  is  so  popular  because:   - Globalization  à  more  international  cultural  contacts   - Organizations  (EU  and  UN)  have  pushed  the  democracy     - Capitalism       Democracy  is  not  being  as  satisfying  as  it  used  to  be.     - Traditional  government  are  obsolete     - Social  benefits  cuts   - Voting  doesn’t  work         Natalia  Casas  Gala   2. Social  movements  and  social  change       Social  movement:  consist  of  organizations,  groups  or  individuals  engaged  in   collective  action  with  common  social  or  political  aims  designed  to  challenge,   resist  or  facilitate  social  change.     Social  movements  à  PETA,  WWF,  Greenpeace  …               • Active  social  movement  and  expressive       • Life  cycle:       • Social  unrest  (feeling  of  trying  to  do     something)     • Popular  enthusiasm  (]ixing  or  working  on  it)       • Creating  formal  organizations       • Institutionalization           Blumer   3. Social  movements  from  historical  perspective     Labor  movement  was  born  vas  born  in  the  early  19  century.     ⇒ Invented  strikes  and  protest     ⇒ Involving  everywhere  where  people  were  working       Objective:  protect  the  interest  and  rights  of  the  workers     Different  ideologies:  Marxism,  anarchism,  and  anarcho-­‐syndicalism  …   Points  in  common:  Complain  about  the  economic  structure  and  power   structure     New  social  moments  started  with  the  parallel  development  of  the  consumer   society.   Causes  of   social   movements   birth   Changes  in  the   social  and   reality  of  the   working  class   Modernization   and   homogenization   of  the  state     Natalia  Casas  Gala   The  brand  new  social  moments  where  born  in  the  80’s  because  the  inequalities   where  growing  more  and  more.     ⇒ The  Welfare  State  was  losing  power  and  the  job  market  wasn’t  working  as   an  indicator  of  economic  security  or  social  integration     ⇒ Disarticulation  of  the  labor  movement     ⇒ Neoliberal  globalization             Common  elements  of  emerging  movements       • Heterogeneity  à  different  organizations     involved       • Horizontality  à  use  assembly  models         • Networking  à  use  technology       • Decisive  role  of  women         • New  froms  of  protests       • Presence  in  public  spaces           Natalia  Casas  Gala   ...