UNIT 1: HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF LAW. (2015)Apunte Inglés
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INTRODUCTION TO LAW. UNIT 1
HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF LAW.
ROMAN LAW -Structure of the Roman society = Roman citizens + foreigners (peregrini) Two types of roman citizens: Patricians and plebeians.
*Plebeians asked for the law to be written down in order to know it —> Origin of the Twelve Tables.
TWELVE TABLES (449 BCE) -CORPUS IURIS CIVILIS (529 BCE) —> Justinian Code *Justinian decided that unifying the law was a way to unify the Empire —> Started this code.
-Digest —> Summary of all the laws.
-Codex —> Imperial constitutions (doesn’t take into account the wrong interpretations of law).
-Institutes —> Textbook for the students (law explained in an easy way in order to be studied).
Novels = New law adopted by the emperor.
-The law just applied to roman citizens = IUS CIVILE.
IUS GENTIUM = The law applied to foreigners —> [Today it would be the International law].
TWO TYPES OF RULES: 1-MORAL RULES: Something can be morally incorrect but might not be punished.
2-LEGAL RULES: There is punishment.
*Factual situation *Legal consequence VOCABULARY -Provisions / Articles -Rules of evidence — procedure -On the grounds of… — On the basis of… -Criminal offence -Domestic norms — Legal system of the country ...