UNIT 3. RELIGION IN THE UK (2014)Apunte Inglés
Apuntes elaborados a partir de las clases de Marta Bosch
Vista previa del texto
RELIGION IN THE BRITISH ISLES
1. THE PRE-REFORMATION PERIOD
It’s considered important the Roman occupation because of its introduction of Christianity. But
this Christianity was threatened by Anglo-Saxon and Viking invasions.
There were monastic Celtic church in Wales, Ireland and Scotland vs. the episcopal Roman pattern.
In the 9th century there was a Religious and cultural revival of Christianity and the development of medieval dramas as part of the Christian calendar.
The Norman Conquest The Normans continued with Christianity and the Church becomes immensely powerful and wealthy.
Norman Religious architecture - Extensive building of Cathedrals Romanesque style Gothic style with three different types: Lancet or Early English Gothic (1150-1275), Decorated (1275-1375) and Perpendicular (1375-1530) Lancet or Early English Gothic: Salisbury Cathedral - Emphasizes height Thinner walls Flying buttressesPointed arches Lancet windows Use of stained glass Decorated style in England: Lichfield & Exeter - Elaborately curved tracery Wider windows, better lighting Richly-coloured stained glass Increased use of bricks Naturalistic carvings Perpendicular Style: Westminster Hall, London - Exaggerated vertical lines Fan-shaped vaults Minimum wall space Large windows with elaborate tracery 2. THE REFORMATION It took place on the 16th Century.
Henry VII, the one who had six wives: - Katherine of Aragon (divorced) married Henry VIII’s brother, but Henry VIII wanted to marry her.
He asked the pope to annul their marriage and the pope accepted. They had a daughter: Mary I. So, influenced by the Reformation movements in Europe, he decided to change the church to Protestantism.
- Anne Boleyn (Beheaded) married Henry VIII during 3 years. They had Elizabeth I. She wasn’t loved and she was accused of infidelity, so Henry VIII killed her.
- Jane Seymour (Died) had Edward VI, the male and son Henry VIII wanted.
- Anne of Cleves (Divorced). He didn’t found her as attractive as he thought and he started to like her friend, Catherine Howard.
- Catherine Howard (Beheaded). There were rumours of Catherine’s past and present love affairs, so Henry VIII killed her.
- Kateryn Parr (Survived). Henry VIII dead being married with her.
There were four phases: 1. Henry VIII (1529-1547). Reformation of Government.
2. Edward VI (1547-1553). He made changes on the Doctrine making more protestant. He introduced the Prayer Book = Common Book of Prayer.
3. Bloody Mary (1553-1558). Returned to Roman Catholicism and started killing Protestant people.4.
4. Elizabeth I (1558-1603). She was the Elizabethan Settlement and she introduced Protestantism in Scotland.
The Post-Reformation Churches Interregnum: no State Church (1649-1660).
Restoration of monarchy and Anglican Church with Charles II.
RELIGION IN IRELAND · Catholic church was supressed in 1536 · Strict measures to introduce Anglican Church: Plantations, Penal Laws (1695) · Religion and patriotic resistance are associated · Emancipation Act of 1829. Penal Laws stopped existing (not necessary the specific date in exam!!!) · Disestablishment of Anglican Church in 1869. The official disestablishment as the Anglican church won’t be the church of Ireland anymore.
· Remember all conflicts we have talked about in class.