LU1: A Decent Life for All (2016)

Apunte Inglés
Universidad Blanquerna (URL)
Grado Relaciones Internacionales - 2º curso
Asignatura LU1: International Political Structure
Año del apunte 2016
Páginas 4
Fecha de subida 15/03/2016
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Marta Busquets A DECENT LIFE FOR ALL: Ending Poverty and giving the world a Sustainable Future I. INTRODUCTION 2 of the most pressing challenges facing the world: • Eradicating poverty • Ensuring that prosperity and well-being are sustainable. 1.3 billion people still live in extreme income poverty + human development needs of many more are still not met. 
 2/3 of the services provided by nature are in decline + climatic change and biodiversity loss are close to the limits beyond which there are irreversible effects on human society and the natural environment. These challenges are universal and inter-related + need to be addressed together by all countries — Need of cooperation: Uni;ied policy framework is needed. The Communication proposes a common EU approach to these issues: • It identiSies the main global challenges and opportunities • Evaluates the success of global poverty eradication agenda and the experience of the MDGs • Describes the challenges and elements for a future framework that can be drawn for the experience of the MDGs — Indicates how these can be brought together within relevant UN processes. It proposes principles for an overreaching framework for post-2015 which would provide coherent and comprehensive response to the universal challenges of poverty and sustainable development in 3 dimensions, thereby ensuring a Decent Life for All by 2030. II. NEW GLOBAL CONTEXT, NEW CHALLENGES, NEW OPPORTUNITIES The world has undergone enormous change over recent years, and new actors, including private and other non-governmental players, have arisen in the global arena. Emerging economies have now become the key drivers of global growth and already have a signiSicant impact on the world economy. Unemployment also remains a worldwide challenge, as some 200 million people are out of a job, and among them, 75 million are young people. Inequalities within countries have increased in most parts of the world, and achieve poverty eradication seems to be one of the major challenges. Also, more than 1.5 million people live in countries affected by violent con;lict. Poor governance, including a lack of democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights is currently hampering efforts towards poverty eradication and sustainable development. The unsustainable use of natural resources is one of the greatest long-term threats to humankind. Effects of environmental degradation and climate change are already being felt and threaten to undo much of the progress already made in eradicating poverty. — At the global level, the challenge will be to adapt and to mitigate impacts. Today, climate change, depletion of natural resources and ecosystem degradation are having a signiSicant impact on livelihoods. Marta Busquets Development and growth contribute to human prosperity and well-being, but also to environmental challenges. Progress towards an inclusive green economy through sustainable consumption and production patterns and resource efSiciency is therefore essential. We need to keep in mind that the challenges are interrelated and require a coherent and comprehensive response, supportive also of other international processes, such as climate and biodiversity negotiations. III. BUILDING ON THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE MDGs AND RIO+20 The EU remains committed to doing its utmost to help achieve the MDGs by 2015. They embody a fundamental global agreement to end poverty and to further human development. They have proven to be a valuable tool to raise public awareness, increase political will and mobilise resources to eradicate poverty. Impressive progress has been made. However, challenges to the achievement of the MDGs remain, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. Many data shows the long path left to go in order to achieve the goals of the MDGs. The Rio+20 Conference conSirmed a common global vision for an economically, socially and environmentally sustainable future for the planet and for present and future generations. It also underlined that many challenges remain to be addressed. It recognised the green economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication as an important pathway for achieving sustainable development. The European Union will continue to pursue the sustainable development, with the Europe2020 Strategy. This Strategy builds on the integrative approach initiated by the EU Strategy for Sustainable Development, and should contribute to greater coherence, mainstreaming and integration. In conclusion, the European Union has been very open and active in the compliance of the MDGs and has provided resources, tools and ideas in order to help other countries to also achieve them. They are very committed. Rio+20 started a process to reinforce the institutional framework for sustainable development, including strengthening the role of the UN General Assembly and ECOSOC. Establishment of the HighLevel Political Forum that would replace the UNCSD. Another important outcome was the decision to strengthen and upgrade the UNEP. The decision of establishing a UN Environmental Assembly is an important step forward. IV. INTEGRATING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND ERADICATING POVERTY IN A POST-2015 OVERARCHING FRAMEWORK In order to effectively address the challenges of poverty eradication and sustainable development, the review of MDGs and the work on elaborating SDGs need to be brought together towards one overarching framework with common priority challenges and objectives. EU considers that a number of challenges can be identiSies for the post-2015 overarching framework: • Fundamental link between global environmental sustainability and poverty eradication. It’s not possible to eradicate one without tackling the other. • SDGs should be universally applicable to all countries, while taking into account different national capacities, realities and levels of development + respecting national policies and priorities. • Address the 3 overarching objectives of sustainable development: poverty eradication, changing unsustainable consumption and production patters and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development. Marta Busquets • Sustainable development + poverty eradication = Overall objectives There’s a need to ;inish the un;inished business of current MDGs — Fill gaps and learn the lessons. Vital role played by key drivers for inclusive and sustainable growth. Structural transformation should be sought by all countries in all stages of development. While economic transformation is necessary, it is a huge challenge. Sustainable manage and use of natural resources is also essential to support economic growth and employment, in particular in primary production sectors such as agriculture. 70% of the world’s poor live in rural areas and depend directly on biodiversity and eco-system services for their survival and well-being. This requires all countries to ensure that resources are used in an environmentally responsible manner and with respect. Importance of justice and equity, human rights, democracy and other aspects of good governance are also important in their own right — Governance will remain a global challenge for the years ahead. Peace and security are also necessary for sustainable progress to take place. V. TOWARDS A POST-2015 OVERARCHING FRAMEWORK Poverty eradication + ensuring that prosperity and well-being are sustainable = most pressing challenges for the future. They should be tackled together within a new overarching framework that is universal and directly relevant to all countries, while recognising that different countries are affected to varying degrees and that they responses will also vary. The Millennium Declaration, which remains relevant, should guide work on developing the future framework. This framework, then, should bring together the 3 dimensions of sustainable development: Economic, social and environmental. — It should include responsibilities for all countries. The underlying objective should be to provide for every person, by 2030, a decent life for all. This should address simultaneously poverty eradication + universal vision for sustainable development. The Commission proposes that the EU pursues the following principles in its discussions on the post-2015 framework: 1. The framework should be universal in aspiration and coverage, with goals for all countries. It should integrate the 3 dimensions of sustainable development, it should address poverty, prosperity and well-being in all dimensions, as well as equity and justice and peace. 2. Goals should be limited in number and apply universally to all countries, but should have targets respecting different contexts. 3. Responsibility for achieving the desired outcomes is national. It should be based on the individual responsibility of countries to take action, coupled with partnership between all countries and stakeholders. 4. The framework should be coherent with existing internationally-agreed goals and targets. The responsibility for implementing the future framework lies within each country itself. The main drivers for development are domestic: democratic governance, rule of law, stable political institutions sound policies, transparency, etc. Marta Busquets The EU recognises that there will be countries that will continue to need support, including development assistance. Policy Coherence for Development plays a major role in eliminating poverty and achieving sustainable development. The EU needs to engage fully in the forthcoming international processes with coherent and coordinated inputs at the UN and in other relevant fora. ...