Social stratification (2015)

Apunte Inglés
Universidad Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB)
Grado Educación Primaria en Inglés - 1º curso
Asignatura Educació i contextos educatius (ECE)
Profesor A.L.
Año del apunte 2015
Páginas 3
Fecha de subida 25/01/2016 (Actualizado: 26/01/2016)
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Social stratification
Main concepts:
Social structure

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Raquel Subirats Blanco Social stratification   Why in society are there more rich and powerful in some groups than others? How much inequality exist in modern society? (Gini coefficient) difference between rich and poor.
Social structure - Set of stratification axis that ratios acces to social resources.
The form that adopts the global system of relations between individuals.
Studies of social structure are cartographies of social positions of inequality.
Gender, age, race, social class, terrority, sexual orientation, etc.
- Any system of social stratification is based on an explanation: A discourse of legitimization.
 Religion: God wants it that way.
 Nature: Everyone takes the position that is corresponded for them.
 Science: “Science” says things are like that.
SOCIAL CLASS as a form of social stratification: - According to the relation with means (mitjans) of production (MARX) According to the production. Socioeconomic status (BOURDIEU) MARX (1818-1883) - Primitive acomulation of capital.
Charactetistics of human being: - Produces their means of existence (livehood).
Create their needs: it is rich in needs (es rico en necesidades, tiene muchas).
Acts in nature insofar as it acts on him (Actúa en la naturaleza en la medida en que actúa sobre él). Subject and Object.
The organization of society depends on means of production.
Historical Materialism The object of study is the production of human beings existence.
Features: - It is social Build relationship that have not been chosen or wanted.
CLASS THEORY Capitalist (owners of means of production) vs Workers (proletariat) CAPITALISM (owners of means of production).
- - Active Subject: o Development of produce forces.
o Conquer new markets.
Passive Subject: Raquel Subirats Blanco o o Economic crisis.
Destruction of productive forces.
Proletariat: WORKERS Dynamic concept of social class.
Labour theory of value - Use Value: Value that we give to things- subjective value (the needs that can be satisfied     for the use of a certain object).
Exchange Value: The value of something in the market (€).
Pre-Capitast  Capitalists societies Simple Mercantilism: Moneymedium of exchange.
Purpose Production of commodities.
COMMODITY Commodities are means of exchange.
Capitalism: MONEY COMMODITITES + MONEY Mercantilism: COMMODITY MONEY + COMMODITY VALUE OF COMMODITIES: - Constant capital (means of production) (C).
Variable Capital (labour power) (V).
Surplus value (the benefit for the Factory/bussiness) (P).
-Total value= C+P+V -Product of labour power= V+P -The rate of surplus value: ‘P= P/V “The less you pay for labour the more surplus are generated” We produce our relation. Human being Ontological social Alienation  Labour: What we do.
 Human being respect other human beings.
 Capitalism: what we get.
I don’t decide what I do (produce), but I can decide how I do it (produce).
Capitalism We don’t produce existence in work.
Alienation Objectification Naturalization of market behaviour Fetishism (idolatración) - Objectified value Prize What people would pay for it.
Cosificació Deshumanization of products made in social media.
“I shop therefore I am”Consumerism society PIERRE BOUDIEU (1930-2002) The concept of the habitus Distinction (name) Because our lifestyle is different.
Raquel Subirats Blanco We have to insure that we are different. Is not only money what define us, but also our cultural capital.
- Estils de vida: orientació a les pràctiques culturals.
La distinció: joc identitatari entre els grups socials.
La necessitat d'incorporar noves variables a l’estratificació social.
A part de la posició segons els mitjans de producció hi ha altres aspectes que condicionen els estils de vida.
HABITUS X Messi Economic Capital (+) X Business Man (-) X Alexis X Mercadona worker - (+) Cultural Capital (-) It responds to the need to incorporate new variables in social stratification.
Apart from the position according to the means of production, there are other aspects that influence lifestyles.
Habitus (Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste) - It acts as an orientation of cultural practices that create a social group.
Lifestyles guidance on cultural practices. Distinction between social groups ...