2.2 - Block 2 (Volume II – chapters 22-41) ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT (2016)

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Universidad Universidad de Barcelona (UB)
Grado Estudios Ingleses - 3º curso
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ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT Block 2 (Volume II – chapters 22-41) Chapter 25 - The Gardiners are connected to the Bennet’s. Mr Gardiner is a businessman, a trader. Middle class. They are not similar to the Bennet’s. Sophisticated, nicer, better matters, etc. They show “a positive” married couple.
Permeability of the classes. The traditional boundaries in society started to be broken down. Perfectly illustrated with the Gardiner’s. It is not a matter of money, or titles, but a matter of self-education, mannerism and non-material values. Mrs Gardiners is kind of a role model for Jane and Elizabeth. They are invited to spend some time in London with them. Mrs Gardiner is used in the novel to show the imperfections of Lizzy. She behaves like a mother; she gives advice to Lizzy. She brings Lizzy down to earth, makes her stop and think. She is an example of measure and balance.
Chapter 26 - The plotting continuous in order to get Jane and Bingley together in London. Jane writes to Caroline Bingley; she never gets a response from her. This is Jane’s of maturation.
Wickham gets engaged to Miss King. Lizzy starts getting kind of attached to Wickham, but suddenly he gets engaged to Miss King, a girl way richer (10.000pounds) than Lizzy. Wickham is broke, and needs to get married to a very very profitable girl. The army was a profession which gave money, but probably Wickham needs much more.
Wickham and Charlotte’s situation is the same, but she acts very differently. She is angry at Charlotte, but just fine with Wickham’s decision. Lizzy is not being coherent.
Chapter 27 – Chapter not relevant in terms of plot. The reader does not following Jane to London, only “goes” to London when Lizzy goes.
Chapter 28 – Elizabeth travels to London as a way of getting to Hunsford. She goes to visit Charlotte Collins and her husband. They are like an old boring couple. They are always visiting people or getting visits. Charlotte copes with the reality and ignores Mr.
Collins. There are no feelings involved right from the very beginning. Each other have their spaces and they have learnt to cope with it. Enlighted idea: Lizzy says that charlotte made a free choice when marrying Mr. Collins. She keeps on saying that. That she must be responsible for her choices.
Chapter 29 – 33: Rosings – the ideas of rank preservation are presented by Mr.
Collins, saying that lady Catherine likes differentiating the classes. Lady Catherine is an example of the old aristocracy, she is self-involved, conservative, egocentric, selfish, etc. Lizzy’s ideas clash with Lady Catherine. Lizzy does not treat Catherine differently as she would treat her sister, for example.
Lady Catherine and Anne de Bourgh, her daughter, are described completely different.
Anne is thin, speaks little, she is quiet, etc. Catherine is the opposite.
In the conversation between Lizzy and Catherine, Lizzy dismantles every supposed theory that Catherine had. As Lizzy talks, she breaks all social norm and convention.
Catherine and Lizzy are compared by some people saying that they are not that different: they both prejudge people, speak their minds freely, etc. there is a clash but at the same time it occurs because they are kind of similar. “They both speak authoritatively of matters on which neither is an authority. Both are sarcastic and certain in their assessment of people (judge).” – Gilbert & Gubar.
In this chapter there is a change in the environment, Lizzy is in the world of Mr. Darcy and eventually he will feel embarrassed by his environment towards Lizzy. With this we can see that social class and education play a role in your personality, BUT your innate characters is important too. Catherine and Anne are completely different.
Coronel Fitzwilliam informs Lizzy that Mr Darcy had very much to do with the separation between Bingely and Jane.
Chapter 34: Darcy’s proposal – Darcy doesn’t know how to express his feeling. He starts by saying that he didn’t want to do it, but he cannot keep it for himself any longer.
He expects a yes from Lizzy, and he takes for granted that she is going to do so (just as Mr Collins believed it). His proposal is full of proud (he has de money and for sure she will marry him) and prejudice (the families).
Lizzy rejects him for her prejudices towards the separation he made of Bingely and Jane, and also for the behaviour that he had towards Wickham. // Lizzy’s rejection is the most unrealistic – at that time, probably any women would have accepted him.
This is a turning point for both characters. First, Mr- Darcy will have a voice. His construction as a character. Second, the construction of Mr. Darcy and Lizzy’s relation.
Lizzy now stops and tops and thinks. It’s her beginning as an adult.
Chapter 35 - Mr. Darcy writes a letter to Lizzy explaining all the issues of which Lizzy accused him. He admits separating Bingley and Jane; first because he thought she was not interested and then because her family (mother, mostly) seemed to be more excited than her. / Also he tells the truth about Wickham. Wickham wanted to elope with Georgiana Darcy (she was going to inherit).
Little by little, Lizzy starts changing her mind about Darcy and about everything that he has told her in the letter. With this letter, Austen shows that there are as many truths are storytellers (Wickham’s truth and Darcy’s truth).
From here, Lizzy needs to be more self-reflexive, she grows towards self-knowledge, self-experience. Her judgement will be more directly to herself and her family than to the rest of the characters. Lizzy realises than Darcy has done nothing wrong and that she actually has nothing against him. In a way, both Darcy and Lizzy begin a process of self-examination.
Chapter 37 – Lizzy describes them as “ignorant, idle, and vague”. The father ignores everything that happens at the house, the mother is more of an adolescent than mother; Jane and Lizzy talk more like the mothers of the house, there is a reverse of roles in the house.
Chapter 40 – Lizzy begins to be absolutely critical about her family; merciless analysis and description of her own family. She talks about “the unhappy defects of her family.” She actually criticizes all the members of the family.
Chapter 41 - Elizabeth is going to Derbyshire (where Pemberley is) and Lydia is going to Brighton where the militia is. – Elizabeth tries to convince her father not letting Lydia going to Brighton (irresponsible parents; letting Lydia go with the Forsters which are not a great company). The two journeys happen at the same time for us to see how different they are and with who both daughters they are going. Mr Bennet doesn’t know how the world works, as he spends all the day in the library. He doesn’t know that if one of the daughters makes something terrible, then it will all affect to the rest of the daughters.
Chapter 42 – the reality of the marriage of the Bennet’s is shown and described by Elizabeth. Shows how Mr Bennet could have his vices (maybe prostitution, drinking, gambling, etc.) but he never did because it was not in his nature. Instead, Mr Bennet.
As they are a couple and they must “behave” together and take care of their family.
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