UF 1 LAW (2015)

Apunte Inglés
Universidad Blanquerna (URL)
Grado Relaciones Internacionales - 1º curso
Asignatura Introduction to law
Año del apunte 2015
Páginas 2
Fecha de subida 22/03/2015 (Actualizado: 22/03/2015)
Descargas 35
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LEARNING  UNIT  LAW  I   Núria  Gratacòs   TEXT  1    -­‐  Territorial  sovereignty.     Elements  of  a  State:  population,  territory,  legal  system  (  not  only  states  have  it).     The   EU   is   a   process,   in   good   times   everything   was   okay,   when   in   crisis   each   country   started   to   worry   about   their   own   economy,   there   was   a   return   to   national   approaches.  There  was  a  lost  of  confidence.     Non-­‐state  actors  can  be  more  powerful  tan  states.       Short  constitutions  with  clear  and  basic  statements  are  better.         UN  assembly  resolution  (p.2)  1970  VS.  Responsibility  to  protect  (p.28)  2001     When  is  a  military  intervention  justified?   -­‐ Many  countries  agree/  collective   -­‐ Sole  intention  (no  hidden  interests)   -­‐ Humanitarian  vision     Objections  on  military  intervention:   -­‐ Humanitarian  paradox:  kill  some  to  save  others.     All   organizations   are   linked   with   states,   which   are   the   main   agents,   the   exclusive   powers  in  international  organizations.     The  sources  of  international  law  are  the  constitutions  of  each  state.     International   customary   law   à   custom   is   one   of   the   primary   sources   of   law.     Custom:  “general  practice  accepted  by  law”.   What  unifies  all  the  units  of  power,  all  the  international  agents,  is  the  law.   UN  charter  is  the  most  universal  treaty.       With   the   creation   of   the   EU   it   was   thought   in   economic   terms,   but   political   institutions   that   could   control   economy   weren’t   created.   When   crisis   arrived   the   EU  wasn’t  able  to  react.     The   European   parliament   has   more   power,   but   it’s   mostly   a   negative   power   (has   the  power  of  saying  no  to  things,  but  not  proposing  them).     Peremptory  norms  (jus  cogens)     Human   rights   and   international   crimes   are   the   two   main   topics   that   make   an   individual  a  subject  of  international  law.         Some   values   can’t   be   altered   under   the   will   of   states.   Example:   there   aren’t   exceptions  on  torture  being  forbidden  and  unjustified.       LEARNING  UNIT  LAW  I   Núria  Gratacòs   You  only  have  a  democracy  when  the  principle  of  self-­‐determination  of  people  is   respected.       Origin:   in   the   18th   century,   with   the   principle   of   nationality,   and   with   the   independence   of   the   colonies   in   South   America.   Spain   determined   the   delimitations,   the   frontiers   that   later   became   independent   countries.   For   a   lot   of   countries  borders  were  determined  by  colonial  powers.     Self-­‐determination  of  people  became  à  Self-­‐determination  of  colonial  people.     Conditions   for   being   able   to   self-­‐determinate:   colonial   past,   historical,   cultural   and   language   differences.   The   definition   of   the   people   is   essentially   determined   by   territory.  (?)     Once   they   achieve   their   independence   their   self-­‐determination   disappears,   under   the   eyes   of   international   law.   When   every   colonial   people   had   the   possibility   of   deciding,   the   principle   of   self-­‐determination   had   to   disappear,   the   international   community   wouldn’t   accept   it   so   a   new   criteria   was   needed   to   define   self-­‐ determination  of  people:     People:   -­‐ External:  the  main  option  is  independence,  but  they  can  decide  to  integrate   in  a  third  country  (Crimea),  association.   -­‐ Internal:  there  are  three  dimensions:   ·  Respect  of  minorities   ·  Respect  Indigenous  peoples   ·  Democracy       ...