9.Religion in IR (2016)Apunte Inglés
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Theory of IR 2016
9. Religion in International Relations
Huntington, S. P. (1993). “The clash of civilizations?”. Foreign Affairs: P. 22-49.
9.1. Introduction • After the end of the Cold War there’s the creation of a theoretical gap in IR theory.
• The inheritance of Westphalia and Enlightenment: Religion out of the public space because of this — Modern societies and secularisation of IR and political ideologies. Religion is something more or less important, but doesn’t define what happens in the public space.
• This reminds us about what Machiavelli was telling: Politics is a separate sphere of action. It doesn’t matter if you are religious in your private life, as it shouldn’t affect the public one.
• Failure to understand developments from a traditional IR perspective. Mearshimer: After the end of the Cold War there would be re-development of conflict in Europe.
• Developments in world politics that makes us think that the tools we have are not well suited: (1) War is changing, going from a situation in which the main characters of war were armies and soldiers to a situation where the main characters of war are the suffering ones, the civilians. Conflict is affecting much more the population, specially women and children. (2) War happens more within the states than between states. The reasons of war have changed: Now they are very often linked to ethnic or religious considerations. Communities within the country fighting not for ideologies, but for differences in culture, religion or ethnics.
• With 9/11 there was a resurgence of the idea of Islam vs Christianity and the creation of a religious war. There is a resurgence of religion and multicultural societies.
• Theoretical gap + developments in world politics = Excellent field of analysis to start thinking in a different way about religion in international relations.