CAROLINGIOS (2016)

Apunte Español
Universidad Universidad de Barcelona (UB)
Grado Historia - 2º curso
Asignatura Historia Medieval
Año del apunte 2016
Páginas 2
Fecha de subida 18/08/2017
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Bertha ═ Theobald of Arles Hugh 924–947 Lothar II 947–950 Ermingarde ═ Boso of Provence 879–887 Louis III the Blind 887–928 Briefly emperor and king of Italy before being captured and blinded by Berengar I.
Pepin II †864: Pepin I †838 Zwentibold 899–900 The last Carolingian king of Germany.
Ratold 896 Ruler of Germany and (from 896) Italy, he was the last Carolingian emperor in the male line of descent.
Charles 855–863 Lothar I 840–855 Louis I the Pious 814–840 Carloman I 768–771 NOTE: The color coding is often simplified, as Carolingian monarchs frequently ruled more than one component of the Frankish empire.
Lothar II 855–869 Bernard †818 Pepin †810 Charles I the Great (Charlemagne) 768–814 Pepin the Short 751–768 Charles Martel †741 Carloman †754 Louis II 855–875 Deposed and blinded by his uncle Louis the Pious, who reclaimed Italy in 817.
Charles †811 Conquered the Lombards 774, Saxons 785, Avars 796, and part of Spain 801; crowned emperor at Rome by Pope Leo III in 800; recognized as “emperor of the Franks” by the Eastern Roman Empire 812; defender of the Church and patron of learning; outlived all his sons but one.
Defeated family rivals and became mayor of the palace for all Franks; defeated a Muslim invasion of Gaul at Tours or Poitiers in 732; ruled with no Merovingian king from 737.
Louis IV the Child 899–911 Arnulf 887–899 Carloman II 876–880 Louis III 879–882 Berengar I 888–924 Gisella ═ Eberhard of Friuli Adalbert †975 Berengar II 950–962 The last Carolingiandescended king of Italy.
Louis V the Sluggard 986–987 Lothar II 954–986 Louis IV of Overseas 936–954 Charles III the Simple Gisella 898–922 †929 ═ Adalbert I of Ivrea The last Carolingian king of France.
Before and after his reign (in 888–898 and 922–936) France was ruled by elected kings from the Robertian (future Capetian) family. On the extinction of the German Carolingians in 911, he became king in Lorraine, but he was bullied into turning over Normandy to the Viking chieftain Rollo.
Carloman II 879–884 Charles the Child †866 King of the West Frankish Kingdom (future France) from 843; briefly emperor and king of Italy 875–877.
Charles II the Bald 843–877 King of the East Frankish Kingdom (future Germany) from 843.
LEGEND: Kings and Emperors of the Franks (emperors in bold) Kings in the Middle Frankish Kingdom and Italy from 843 • Kings in Lorraine • Kings in Burgundy Kings in the West Frankish Kingdom (France) from 843 • Kings in Aquitaine Kings in the East Frankish Kingdom (Germany) from 843 CAROLINGIAN KINGS AND EMPERORS Charles III the Fat Louis II the Stammerer 876–887 †888 877–879 King of Italy 879, of all Germany 882, and France 884, he reunited almost all of Charlemagne’s empire, but was unable to curb the depredations of the Vikings and was replaced by Arnulf.
Louis III 876–882 Louis II the German 843–876 Defeated by his brothers in 842, he had to agree to the partition at Verdun in 843, keeping the imperial title and the Middle Frankish Kingdom (with Italy).
At first king of Aquitaine; associated as emperor by father in 813 but still had himself crowned by Pope in 816; effectively the sole heir of Charlemagne, but his projects to divide his lands among his four sons by two marriages led to civil war.
Together with his brother he succeeded their father as mayor of the palace; later deposed the last Merovingian king to become the first Carolingian king of the Franks in 751; helped the Pope against the Lombards and issued the Donation of Pepin in 756, founding the Papal States.
REYES CAROLINGIOS (MAPA/ESQUEMA) - Carlos Martel: ni fue rey ni lo pretendió. Es un mayordomo por todo el reino Franco.
- Pepi el breve: 1º rey carolingio. También es mayordomo. Dijo que los reyes merovingios no hacían nada por lo que el Papa Zacarías le dio el poder al que verdaderamente gobernaba, es decir, él.
No solo proporciono ayuda militar al Papa sino que le dio un núcleo duro alrededor de Roma. Divide su reino para sus dos hijos. Uno se retira a un monasterio.
- Carlo Magno (Carlos I el Grande): Si Pepi intervino a Italia para defender al Papa de los Lombardos, él los conquista en el 774. En el 785 conquista a los Saxones. Esta conquista dura mucho tiempo y es muy cruel. Esta gente no tiene ciudades y viven en bosques. Son paganos y siempre que pueden atacan asentamientos donde hay o misioneros francos o se están construyendo monasterios. En el 796 ataca a los Avaros. Han ocupado ciudades, son un poder a tener en cuenta pero en el siglo VII va disminuyendo su importancia. Esta campaña es importante porque consigue un botín más propio de las 1000 y 1 noche que del medievo. Carlo Magno no conquista parte de España sino de Al Andalus (801). Esto es un peligro ya que son unos enemigos muy peligrosos. En el año 801 consigue que Barcelona esté conforme en ser parte del reino Franco.
El año 800 (Navidad), el Papa Leon III le corona como emperador. Es una jugada política que le lleva a tener problemas con Bizancio. No llega a la guerra porque Carlo Magno está en situación para llevar un ejército allí y porque Bizancio está gobernado por una mujer y tiene otros problemas en la frontera balcánica. El conflicto se soluciona cuando Bizancio reconoce que Carlo Magno es emperador de los Francos. Es un defensor de la irles y un patrono del conocimiento. No quería educar a todo el mundo pero a los religiosos del mundo franco tenían que tener una cultura excepcional para que su territorio fuera totalmente cristiano.
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