3 Theory and Crime (2016)Trabajo Inglés
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David Carmona Florez
Theory and Crime
Weekly assignement 3
“Theory and Crime” is the first chapter of “Vold’s Theoretical Criminology”, the
book written by Thomas J. Bernard, Jeffrey B. Snipes, Alexander L. Gerould,
and George B. Vold in 2010.
A scientific theory is a kind of natural explanation which we use to stablish a relationship between observable phenomena, for example between mass and energy, which was explained by Albert Einstein in his “Theory of Relativity” (1905). To create a theory we need: • Observe phenomena.
• Create a hypothesis.
• Verify the hypothesis.
• Obtain a result (which sometimes is false).
There are three frames of reference in criminology: The first one explains that humans are intelligent enough to choose if they want to commit a crime or not. So committing a crime is seen as a voluntary action.
To fight the delinquency society creates a punishment to each broken law.
The second one says that humans are influenced by factors which they cannot control, for example the society. In this case criminologists try to identify the causes of criminal behaviour.
David Carmona Florez Criminologial Lenguage In the third view the causes of criminal behaviour are similar to the causes of legal behaviours. In this last case criminologists try to explain why there are legal behaviours and behaviours which are defined as crimes.
Sources Rebato, C. (2015). La teoría de la relatividad especial, explicada de manera sencilla. Recovered from http://es.gizmodo.com/la-teoria-de-la-relatividad-especial-explicada-demane-1691315854 ...