2.3 - Block 3 (Volume III – chapters 43-end) ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT (2016)Apunte Inglés
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ANALYSIS OF THE TEXT
Block 3 (Volume III – chapters 43-59 ending)
Chapter 43 – Elizabeth describing Pemberley. Elizabeth thinks that “to be mistress of
Pemberley might be something” – it is kind of a contradiction for her character after
supporting before love and feelings. But now, as an imperfect human being, she realises
what she could have had (after seeing how Pemberley is). The descriptions of the
gardens and the house itself suits Mr Darcy, eh is not like Lady Catherine who always
shows off, she is “pomposa”, is arrogant. // Both Darcy and Elizabeth clash with each
other, and after this they both try to understand each other and kind of change.
Visitors were allowed to go into some rooms to see furniture, paintings, sculptures, etc.
There is this picture of Wickham and Darcy which kind of reveals the good nature of Darcy (after all what happened he still keeps his painting).
The housekeeper makes some comments to which Elizabeth agrees (“handsome man”).
In the eyes of Elizabeth, Darcy is improving enormously. Elizabeth perspective has massively changed. She introduces the Gardiner’s and she is actually proud of introducing them because of their manners, their positivism, education, etc. (very similar to Darcy. Not in terms of social gap but in terms of education and proper behaviour).
Chapter 44 – Georgiana Darcy. Austen presents a character that has a positive behaviour belonging to the upper class (Austen does not criticise the upper class, but bad-mannered people –Catherine, for example-). The way the feelings of Elizabeth are constructed are very like belonging to the enlightenment.
Chapter 46 - After all this calm and smooth path in the novel, Jane send a letter saying that Lydia has ran away with Wickham (elopement). This affects all the sisters; elopement is seen as a dishonour, as if all the sisters were going to do the same, or be as irresponsible as her. It affects all the Bennet family. It’s not like they escape because they do not have parental approve for their marriage, they didn’t even think about marriage. But Wickham was full of debts and he needed to escape, probably Lydia just went with him for the fact of being together.
It is not the Bennet’s who pay for that wedding later on, but Mr. Gardiner (later on we learn that it was actually Mr. Darcy).
Chapter 47 – Lydia’s letter to her friend Harriet. For what she explains and how she does it, it is all a game for her. Lydia is a reflection of Mrs. Bennet; her way of behaving, talking, her frivolity, etc. All that Mrs. Bennet has to say about the elopement is “fantastic!”, and she just wants to look for the wedding clothes already.
Chapter 48 – Village gossip. Mr Collins sends a letter to the family, he being aware of the elopement.
Encuentra más apuntes en UnyBook.com - @aserrano Chapter 49 – Different reactions when Wickham and Lydia are found: Jane happy about the happy ending. Lizzy kind of participated when she does not tell the truth about Wickham, she is concerned about the effects that this will have onto her as well.
Mr Bennet laughs and goes back to his library. Mrs Bennet suddenly recovers from her feeling sick, and wants to tell everyone about the wedding, and starts thinking about the wedding clothes.
Chapter 50 – Mr Bennet not being in charge of the family finances. They didn’t kept any money as a provision in case the children needed it. Saving was unnecessary. After Mr Gardiner paying for the wedding, now the Bennet’s owe him lots of money (which of course Gardiner will not ask for).
Chapter 51 - When Lydia arrives to the village with Wickham she is foolish (in contrary to Elizabeth, who has grown up).
Chapter 52 – Darcy has paid for the wedding. Lizzy sees him even with better eyes.
Chapter 53 – sense of an ending. Circular structure. A whole year has passed. Mrs Bennet informs that Netherfield Park is going to be rented again by Bingley.
Chapter 55 – Bingley’s proposal, which never appears in the novel. We are just told.
Chapter 56 – Catherine arrives to Longbourn to ask something to Lizzy. She is rude to everybody. Both Lizzy and Catherine get involved in a conversation (more of a battle).
This is the class of social classes. The rigidness of the old aristocracy which was in decadence, trying to maintain the order of the class VS the confrontment from Lizzy; she represents all the ideas coming from French revolution of liberty, fraternity, etc. she talks to Catherine as an equal individual – it doesn’t matter the class or the family in which you were born, but the person to which you are actually talking, just a human being. ROMANTIC IDEAS. How the historical events represent this conversation.
Catherine tries to remind Elizabeth all the time that she belongs to a lower class and that she should not talk to her in that tone. Lizzy saying that she is a daughter’s gentlemen meaning that a man can be a gentlemen as regards the behaviour, and not someone that just belongs to a certain social class.
Chapter 58 – Catherine’s visit is what precipitates her union to Darcy. Both Darcy and Lizzy begin talking to each other like very rational enlightened creatures. Darcy accepts he was wrong when he proposed the first time, saying he was abrupt and had not the better ways. Darcy has undergone as well a process of maturation: Lizzy changed him, calmed him. Austen chooses a rational process when they get engaged; conversation.
Chapter 59 – everybody is surprised that Lizzy is engaged to Darcy. Mr. Bennet behaves like a responsible parent when Lizzy saying he’s marrying Darcy – he is concerned when things affect Lizzy. She states how wrong she was about everything; Wickham, Darcy, etc.
Chapter 60 – the ending. How the marriage of Darcy and Lizzy affected the rest. The happiness of the community, not the individual. We learn about everybody else’s future: Lydia and Wickham were sent away (kind of a punishment) and there is no interaction with the rest of the family.
Encuentra más apuntes en UnyBook.com - @aserrano Kitty is sent to spend time with the eldest sisters. She has now positive influences and she has improved.
Netherfield is finally bought by Bingley (following Caroline’s advice) Final paragraph devoted to the Gardiners. They are a positive example of a married couple who belonged to the middle class. Lizzy is rewarded by marring the richest man in the novel. Merit is gained, no matter the origin. Gardiner’s behaviour would be more respectable than Catherine.
Possible essay-topics for the exam: Marriage (practical vs romantic) Social class Education Eighteenth and nineteenth century (exploration of Romantic elements) Historical context (French revolution ideals, Napoleonic wars, etc.) Pride and prejudice reflected in the play ...